Mosque Al-Azhar, Cairo, Egypt
The Mosque of al-Azhar was founded by Jawhar al-Siqilly, the Fatimid conqueror of
Egypt, in 970 as the congregational mosque for the of al-Qahira. new city
The first khutba was delivered from its minbar in 972 and a university was established there in 988.
Mamluk madrasas were established in the ziyada (outer enclosure): Taybarsiyya in 1309 and Aqbughawiyya in 1340. The Taybarsiyya has two iwans, one for the Shafi'ites and the other for the Malikites.
This mosque served as a model for the Mosque of the Qarafa, a congregational mosque built by al-Sayyida al-Mu'izziyya in 976.